Floriography, the language of flowers, has been a part of social custom for centuries. For more information about floriography in general, and the meanings of some popular flowers, see A-Z of Flowers.
The origin of the language of flowers pre-dates Victorian times, as flowers have always had religious, mythological and symbolic meanings. Mme. Charlotte de la Tour penned the first flower dictionary in 1819 in Paris. Entitled Le Language des Fleurs, it was an overnight sensation. This little handbook became a favorite reference on the subject. The new floral language appealed to the Romantic poets in England. "Sweet flowers alone can say what passion fears revealing," noted the poet Thomas Hood (1799-1485) in his poem "The Language of Flowers." A Victorian lady, Miss Corruthers of Inverness, wrote an entire book on the subject in 1879. Her book became the standard source for flower symbolism both in England and the United States.
Victorian women elaborated on floriography (the assigning of meanings to flowers), expressing their feelings within the boundaries of a strict etiquette. Flowers afforded them a silent language that allowed them to communicate many sentiments that the propriety of the times would not normally allow. This practice was especially popular amongst lovers. Also, anything that carried the scent of a particular plant, like a handkerchief, carried the same message.
The way the flowers were worn or presented, the color of the flower, and of course the flower itself all had to do with the particular message that was trying to be conveyed. If the flowers were presented upright, they had a positive meaning. However, if they were presented upside down, their meaning was the opposite. If the ribbon was tied to the left, the meaning referred to the giver; the right referred to the recipient. Flowers were used to answer questions also. If they were handed over with the right hand, the answer was "yes"; with the left hand, "no".
Most people are aware that each flower and each color of flower has its own meaning, even if they aren’t aware of very many of these meanings. It is also true that particular events traditionally demand the giving of certain flowers. However, did you also know that each star sign has a particular type of flower that is closely associated with it? The link may be to do with color, type of sign (e.g. water sign, earth sign, etc…) or attributes of the particular sign.
Aries - March 21 - April 20
Fire Sign: Passionate, enthusiastic, adventurous
Color: Bright primary colours, particularly scarlet and yellow. Red is the color of Mars, ruler of Aries
Flowers & Plants: Opuntia cactus (prickly pear), celosia (cockscomb), thorn-bearing shrubs, red roses, tulips, red peppers, amaryllis
Aries is a fire sign and Arians are believed to be passionate and adventurous. Typically, the prickly pear cactus, red roses, tulips, amaryllis and any thorn bearing shrubs are considered to be perfect for Arians.
The person with this horoscope will set many, many different goals, delve into the basics of a lot of things, but can quickly lose interest and move on. People with the aries sun sign in their horoscopes will begin a million projects with the greatest of enthusiasm and intentions, but be warned - he will not complete any!!
Arians are the Dreamers not the Doers. But, if you are ever in trouble, aries is the horoscope sun sign you would want in your corner to come to the rescue. Because this person is aggressive, loves challenges and believes in himself and his abilities to be victorious in any situation, he makes the perfect helpmate to solve short term problems.
Aries must have their freedom to pursue their own interests!! This they will do diligently until the novelty wears off.
Aries Compatibility: Aries Horoscopes are most compatible with Leo and Saggitarius.
Taurus - April 21 - May 20
Earth Sign: Home-loving, conventional, gourmand
Color: Pale Pink, Blue Cream, madonna blue, spring green. Blue is the color of Venus, ruler of Taurus.
Flowers & Plants: sweet william (Dianthus barbatus), scented stock, fruit-bearing trees, lavender, lilac, aster, lily of the valley, sweet pea
Taurus is an earth sign and Taurians are usually traditional people who particularly love their homes. Traditional flowers to give to Taurians include lavender, lilac, lily of the valley and fruit bearing trees.
Being "the bull", Taurus is very stubborn and tenacious and does not give in or give up on anything very easily. With this personality trait, Taurus can often be stuck in a rut, unable to see another's point of view or change his own way of thinking or doing -- at all. On the other hand, they are tenacious enough to see a difficult project through to the end.
Tauruses are patient as well as possessive. The Taurus horoscope forms deep home and love attachments. It would be wise not to challenge or anger Taurus.
Taurus Compatibility: Taurus is most compatible with Virgo and Capricorn
Gemini - May 21 - June 21
Air Sign: Talkative, lively, intellectual
Color: Yellow, saffron yellow, plus black and white contrasts. The color of Mercury, ruler of Gemini, is white
Flowers & Plants: Solanum (Winter cherries), ranunculus, maidenhair fern (Addiantum), solidago (goldenrod), acacia (mimosa, wattle), daffodil, nut-bearing trees, cactus
Talkative Geminians are of an air sign and traditional flowers include acacia, daffodils, cactus and nut bearing trees. A bouquet of pink lilies and lilacs would make the perfect birthday gift for anyone born under the sign of Gemini.
Those of this horoscope are full of ideas, has great insight, but is restless and loves to be off and moving. They love travel and meeting new people and new situations.
The Gemini personality is always on the move. They are restless, easily bored and often lack patience with the mundane things in life. Gemini are very changeable, so never think what is true today will be true tomorrow. They are also charming and can be depended on for witty conversation and unusual input, but if you need physical work over the long haul, Gemini is not the one for you. Do not ever expect depth in this horoscope.
Gemini Compatibility: Gemini Horoscope most compatible with Libra and Aquarius
Cancer - June 22 - July 22
Water Sign: Secretive, protective, caring
Colours: Silver, Metallic blue, cerulean blue and sea-green. Silver and Smokey grey are the colours of the moon, ruler of Cancer
Flowers & Plants: cornflower (Centaurea cyanus), Ammi (Queen Anne's lace), delphinium, ferns, plumbago, passionflower, hydrangea, iris
Cancerians are secretive and protective. As a water sign, typical flowers can include cornflowers, delphinium, ferns, hydrangea, iris and the passionflower. Any bouquet made up of these would be a fitting gift for a Cancerian.
Cancers are intuitive and sensitive. Rather than facing trouble or problems head on, the cancer personality would rather skirt an issue altogether or approach it from an angle. Remember the Crab?
Persons with this horoscope may appear self possessed and very much in control. In reality, they are shy and lack confidence in themselves. Cancerians are loving, devoted and protective of the ones they love. So much so, in fact, that these qualities may appear (and sometimes are) to be smothering.
Cancer Compatibility: Cancers are most compatible with Scorpio and Pisces
Leo - July 23 - August 22
Fire Sign: Extrovert, faithful, larger than life
Colours: Golden yellow, orange
Flowers & Plants: safflower (Carthamus), croton, Joseph's coat (Codiaeum), marigold, gerbera, crocosmia, dahlia, clivia, sunflower
Leo is a fire sign and those born under the sign of Leo are considered to be brave, faithful and extrovert. Marigold, gerbera, dahlia and sunflowers are among the more traditional flowers and plants to give.
Leos are big hearted, reliable and possess loads of energy. But they are know it alls, full of florish and drama - which can be embarrassing at times. The leo personality does not take well to criticism of any kind being that they are so self-assured.
This is a person who needs to be the in complete control. In order to get along with someone in this horoscope, you will have to concede control to him.
Leo Compatibility: Sagittarius and Aries
Virgo - August 23 - September 22
Earth Sign: Practical, modest, perfectionist
Colours: Navy, chocolate, Light blue and pure white, and pastel colours in neat patterns. White is the color of Mercury, ruler of Virgo
Flowers & Plants: monkshood (Aconitum), hypericum (St John's wort), chrysanthemum, eucalyptus, veronica, violet, ivy, thistle
The earth sign Virgo usually produces people who are practical but modest. As such, the ideal floral gift would include monkshood, chrysanthemum, eucalyptus, ivy or thistles.
Virgo is a good conversationalist with people they know. They enjoy being with old friends and in familiar situations.
To his detriment, Virgo is extremely critical and very frank in this criticism. Although it is not done in a malicious way, it can nevertheless be very hurtful.
If you can balance the perfectionism, dullness, and tidiness side of the Virgo personality with their generosity and willingness to please, those in this horoscope can be pleasing companions.
Virgo Compatibility: Capricorn and Taurus
Libra - September 23 - October 22
Air Sign: Elegant, diplomatic, romantic
Colours: Pale greens, All shades of green, pretty pink sand, all pastel shades. Clear blue is the color of Venus, ruler of Libra.
Flowers & Plants: chincherinchee (Ornithogalum), Moluccella (bells of Ireland), Cymbidium orchid, gardenia, tea roses, tuberose, freesia, gladiolus
Libra is one of the air signs. Librans are believed to be diplomatic and elegant; flowers ideal for Librans include tea roses, gladioli and freesia. A more unusual floral gift would be the Cymbidium orchid.
Libra, the most easy going sign of the zodiac, seeks admiration from others. Those in this horoscope are generally conservative. They want to get along with others and will not try to dominate. In disagreements, this person will probably use gentle persuasion to make his point of view understood.
Those with this sun sign need harmony in their environment as well as in relationships. They tend to show genuine interest in other people and have the gift of making others feel important.
The Libra person appreciates the give and take in relationships. They have a need for fairness and agreement at all times which can make them indecisive. This trait can show up in their need to see many points of view from all angles. Those in this horoscope cannot easily make up their minds and stick with it.
Libra Compatibility: Aquarius and Gemini
Scorpio - October 23 - November 22
Water Sign: Sensual, determined, dangerous
Colours: Maroon, Blood Red, Dark red, brown and black. These are colours associated with Pluto, ruler of Scorpio.
Flowers & Plants: venus fly trap (Dionaea), Alpinia (pink ginger), Amaranthus (love lies bleeding), red hot poker (Kniphofia), hibiscus, peony, cactus, anthurium
A Scorpio is dangerous and determined. As a water sign, though, Scorpio does have the benefit of the amaranthus, hibiscus, red-hot poker, cactus and the Venus flytrap. There are plenty of gift ideas in these ranging from the unusual gift of a Venus flytrap to the slightly more traditional hibiscus and red-hot poker.
The most powerful of the zodiac signs, Scorpios are known for being shrewd, analytical and scheming. This person will do practically anything to achieve a desired end, no matter how unscrupulous it might be. They love power and are intolerant and unforgiving.
On the positive side, those with this horoscope are patient, dependable, goal oriented and have an extraordinary devotion to those they love.
Scorpio's intensity can be overwhelming and demanding. Their negative characteristics show them to be revengeful and manipulative. This sun sign is not diplomatic. They get right to the point, and stand by their own methods - come what may.
To get along with someone with this horoscope sign's demanding and domineering personality, be prepared and look closely before engaging intimately with scorpio.
Scorpio Compatible: Pisces and Cancer
Sagittarius - November 22 - December 21
Fire Sign: Straightforward, optimistic, playful
Colours: Warm brown autumnal tints, Royal Blue, Deep Purple and brilliant blue. Dark blue is the color of Jupiter, ruler of Sagittarius
Flowers & Plants: Eremurus (foxtail lily), eustoma (lisianthus), Liatris (blazing star), carnation, crocus, muscari, berried plants, allium
Sagittarius is a fire sign and Sagittarians usually are optimistic but playful. Traditionally, the crocus, carnation, alliums and any plants with berries are considered apt for Sagittarians.
Those with this sun sign in their horoscope are warm, open and spontaneous. They have a sense of humor and wit. They are optimistic. Sagittarius like people and people like them, though they are not apt to form deep attachments.
If you are looking for someone who is outgoing, sociable - someone to talk to and share with, Sagittarians are the perfect sun sign for you. But, if you are seeking depth and closeness, look further than those with this horoscope or you will be sadly disappointed.
Sagittarius Compatibility: Sagittarius Horoscopes are most compatible with Aries and Leo
Capricorn - December 22 - January 19
Earth Sign: Hard-working, ambitious, respectable
Colours: Deep green, brown and dark grey. Cool green is the color of Saturn, ruler of Capricorn
Flowers & Plants: statice, holly, African violet, ivy, philodendron, kentia palm, snowdrop, jasmine
Capricorn is an earth sign and those under Capricorn show properties of being hard working and subsequently ambitious. Flowers associated with Capricorn include holly, ivy, snowdrop, violets and jasmine.
Capricorn has a difficult time relaxing and enjoying life. Not being particularly warm themselves, they tend to underestimate the importance if feelings in others. They are fair but not generous. At times, the capricorn personality displays a sense of humor. They can laugh at themselves but would be terribly upset is laughed at by others.
If you are looking for a person with unusual ideas and bubbly personality, you will have to look further than someone with a Capricorn horoscope.
Capricorn Compatibility: Capricorn is most compatible with Taurus and Virgo
Aquarius - January 20 - February 18
Air Sign: Forward-looking, unconventional, independent
Color: Turquoise, Electric blue, shocking pink, fluorescent hues. All the bright colours of the rainbow are the colours of Uranus, ruler of Aquarius
Flowers & Plants: Eryngium (sea holly), arum lily (Zantedeschia), bird of paradise (Strelitzia), pitcher plant (Sarracenia), banksia, protea, yucca, aloe
Aquarius is a water sign and because Aquarians typically show signs of being independent and unconventional, the flowers most closely associated with them are the arum lily, protea, aloe and yucca.
Although Aquarius outwardly appears detached, they are the
humanitarians of the zodiac. They have a strong faith in ideals and
will challenge the status quo. As a business person, those with this
horoscope's insights usually prove beneficial to any system. They are
great at mediating differences and alleviating frictions. Aquarians
have the ability to look at all angles before acting.
Aquarius are stubborn and once they make up their minds, they will rarely change. They are friendly, get along well with others though in an impersonal, stand-offish way. This sun sign would choose to talk over a problem to reach an amicable solution rather than rant or display anger.
In dealing with this horoscope sun sign, your independence will be respected. They in turn expect the same consideration.
Aquarius Compatibility: Aquarius is most compatible with Gemini and Libra
Pisces - February 19 - March 20
Water Sign: Intuitive, humorous, compassionate
Colours: White, Silvery, Green, Violet and blue grey. Violet is the color of Neptune, ruler of Pisces
Flowers & Plants: madonna lily (Lilium candidum), Euphorbia marginata, Cyperus (papyrus), stephanotis, jasmine, lilac, narcissus, gypsophila
Finally the Piscean is a funny and compassionate person born under the water sign. Flowers typically associated with Pisceans include jasmine, lilac, gypsophila, and papyrus.
Hopefully these should give an excellent idea the next time you come to buy a floral gift for a loved one. The gift doesn’t necessarily have to be a bouquet of flowers and can range from a Venus flytrap to a cactus as well as everything in between and around.
People with this horoscope are tolerant to a fault and prone to forgive failures of others.
Pisces are able to adapt to change easily. They make excellent friends. In relationships, they are loyal and generous. They ten toward melancholy.
Pisceans envy the good life and would easily be enthralled with the glamour of a situation, causing a loss of reality. This person is self-indulgent, easily swayed by physical comforts and beautiful, harmonious surroundings.
Pisces Compatibility: Pisces is most compatible with Cancer and Scorpio